Most major web browsers have these user interface elements in common:

  • Back and forward buttons to go back to the previous resource and forward button respectively.
  • A refresh or reload button to reload the current resource page.
  • A stop button to cancel loading the resource page. In some browsers, the stop button is merged with the reload button.
  • A home button to return to the user’s home page.
  • An address bar to input the Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) of the desired resource page.
  • A search bar to input terms into a web search engine. The search bar sometimes may be merged with the address bar.
  • A status bar to display progress in loading the resource and also the Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) of links when the cursor hovers over them, and page zooming capability.
  • The viewport, the visible area of the webpage within the browser window.
  • The ability to view the¬†HTML source for a website page.